Setting up your new tank
This seem to be one of the most fun/ interesting and also tiring stage which many reefer like and dislike. If you are going to want your new or used tank, wash out your tank only with fresh water only! Do not use soap or detergents, as soap residue left behind will be harmful for your saltwater fish and corals.
You are recommanded to test your aquarium for any leakage by filling it with fresh water to check for leaks. If it passes the leak test, drain the fresh water from the aquarium. You can start to affix your tank background at this time. For marine tanks, a black background can help the fish colors stand out more. Deep blue is another popular color choice and it can help create the illusion of depth.
Fixing up the reefing equipment
Next you can start fixing up your equipment in your sump tank to test it’s functionality and any leakage from the equipments with fresh water before filling the tank later with saltwater.
1) Set up your new Tank: Try to buy the biggest tank you can afford with your budget. The bigger it is , the lesser chance for an error .
2) Lighting : Choose a suitable lighting for your marine tank is important as it affect the health of your corals. Basically there are ; ower compact fluorescent, high output fluorescent, metal halide and LEDS. I high recommend led aquarium lights for your aquarium tanks.
3) Tank filtration setup :
Mechanical filtration- Having a good protein skimmer is the most important piece of mechanical filtration you can have for a reef tank. Using basic sponge / filer wood will also help to remove particles out of your water.
Chemical filtration – chemical filteration invlove using various media to remove harmful chemicals i.e; Amonia, P04 ect..
Biological filtration – This is the most important aspect of a successful setting up of a marine aquarium tank. This usually involves using a Biological filter media for bacertica colonical to live on and break down harmful waste in the tank water.
The above provide some basic information on setting up a successful marine aquarium tank, and this journey involve constant research of information which also make this hobby fun.
Proper aquarium lighting is fundamental for a number of reasons. Light allows you to observe and admire fish in their natural habitat. In addition, with the right type of lighting, the inhabitants in the aquarium are able to survive. Besides fish, there are other organisms and plants, especially photosynthetic ones, which derive energy from this light. Therefore, fish tank lights are not only the main source of light, they are the only source. Right from the beginning, you should know that light is so important in all aquarium systems. The behavior of fish in an ecosystem depends on the amount of light filtering through the water.
If this is your first time to keep fish in an aquarium, then it is important for you to know the different options available. It does not matter how simple or sophisticated your aquarium system is. There are several categories ofaquarium lighting namely normal, compact and high intensity. The first two use fluorescent lights while the third uses metal halide lights. More recently, LED aquarium lights have joined the foray of fish tank lights. Fluorescent lights are considered to be the top choice for aquariums where you intend to keep saltwater and freshwater fish. Most hobbyists will tell you of the versatility of these lights.
In aquarium lighting, you have a wide choice of bulbs and fixtures. Take for instance, the compact fluorescent lights. They have a higher output than their standard compatriots. In the place of single tubes, they utilize several of them in one fixture. Hence, a single compact fluorescent is able to do the task handled by two or more standard fluorescent bulbs. In the end you find that it helps you utilize the available lighting space. When it comes to maintenance, there is no difference between these fish tank lights and the standard types. Other benefits include low emission of heat and low maintenance cost. There is also a wide variety to choose from.
Going to the metal halide lights, these are also known as HID (high intensity discharge) aquarium lightingfixtures. They comprise of glass bulbs interconnected through wires. When electric charge passes through the glass tubes, they produce light by virtue of the material in them. These materials include metal salts and gases which are ideal for light production. Halide lights are most ideal for reef aquarium lighting. This is mainly because of the types of fish found in such aquariums require high intensity light. Metal halide lights are the first choice for huge aquariums especially where the depth goes beyond 24 inches.
When choosing aquarium lighting fixtures, you need to consider the needs of the fish you are putting in there as well as your own. A fish tank lamp is more than a source of light. It brings out the overall beauty of the aquarium besides sustaining the life therein. Always ensure that you use the right lighting systems for your aquarium. Seek help from experts in this area; share your ideas and how you want the finished product to look like. Highly recommended aquarium led lighting.
LED aquarium lights may survive for many years when you manage them diligently. Basically, they may remain the primary supply of lighting within your aquarium for approximately 5 years. Additionally, they don’t possess the typical overheating issue that a lot of regular light bulbs possess. They produce nearly minor temperature, that is certainly why they go longer. Water inside aquarium definitely will absorb the heat which might tamper with the right living conditions for fish.
A further depth which makes these corms excellent is the look of them relating to color choice and designs. Based on the majority of previous users, these products are really easy to customize. Though they’ve several advantages to them, here are a few difficulties you should know first. The issues you need to learn is how people select the LED aquarium lights. You will find specific specifications for different kinds of aquatic tanks. For instance, you may have freshwater fish which normally reside in rivers and lakes.
They are the well-known tropical fish too, such as the guppies and cichlids. There are freshwater plants too. Saltwater pets and fish normally obtainable in the oceans are some other cases. They include the sharks, ocean stars and cucumbers and so on. If you would like maintain and nurture them correctly, you then would have to add saline water and appropriate lighting source to the fish tank. An additional kind accessible includes the reef tanks, featuring not only your fish, but also life corals, sand and so on.
Lastly, anything you own at home might be brackish water fish that will survive in both fresh and saline water habitats. Commonly, when choosing the best LED lighting for them, you would have to understand what could be ideal lights for freshwater pets. Aquarium tank light is usually a complicated issue, needing you to examine widely to help you realize all of the specifications. Reported by some specialists in this area, you have to deal with the watts per gallon of water the aquarium contains.
Additional aspects are the PAR, lumens per watt, plant light conditions and so on. In case you are thinking to purchase the right bulbs, test LED green styles. They are recyclable and they are made from a solid polycarbonate tube. Which means they’ve a minimal risk of breaking compared to glass bulbs. Furthermore, this stuff is water-resistant when you set this light bulbwithin the water in the aquariums. Above all, LED aquarium lights are secure and they can’t put the animals or even you at any danger. www.ledgrowlight-aquarium.com.au
Keeping a diverse and colourful community of fish can make your aquarium highly attractive, ensuring that it is a focal point of the room. Whilst your choice of fish tank is important however, it is also vital to choose fish that can coexist in terms of behaviour and habitat.
There are many budding fish keepers that simply opt for the most colourful fish possible when creating their first community. Despite the importance of aesthetics though it is important to make sure your fish can live at the same water temperature, are suited to similar habitats and also that they will not eat or attack each other.
As a first timer or beginner the best advice is to opt for fish that are hardy and can adapt to environmental changes which may result from your mistakes. Additionally, it is advisable to buy fish that aren’t too expensive in the early stages of your fish keeping as it is likely that some will die as you attempt to keep the water quality stable and acquire the skills to keep your fish healthy. Remember that a larger fish tank will be more forgiving than a smaller one when you first start out due to the larger volume of water.
When selecting fish for your tank it is advisable to choose fish that are peaceful rather than aggressive. Aggressive species should really be left to more experienced handlers as they can cause the death of other fish due to biting, infection of wounds and stress. It is also worth bearing in mind that even relatively placid fish can exhibit behaviours such as fin-nipping so if you are choosing fish with delicate fins, it is wise to be extra careful about the other fish in your tank.
5 Key Considerations for Choosing Your Fish
- Size of Your Fish Tank
The size of aquarium you choose will determine how many and also the types of fish you can choose. For instance fish that are sensitive to poor water conditions will typically do better in a larger, less crowded tank.
- Colours and Patterns
Naturally you want a good selection of fish that vary in colours, size and pattern rather than a collection of drab colours. Your aquarium is like an evolving piece of art so choosing colours can be tricky; a good tip is to buy your fish one species at a time to balance how they look when you add them to the fish tank.
- Maintaining you Fish Tank
Maintenance is a major consideration and as mentioned previously it is easier to maintain larger tanks. However, if you are clever about which fish you choose, for example buying scavengers of bottom feeding fish you can create an environment that is self cleaning to an extent.
Most fish keepers agree that when choosing fish it is advisable to match them by their mouth size i.e. no fish in your tank should have a mouth large enough to swallow another. You should also consider strictly herbivorous fish within your aquarium.
5 Good Community Fish
The following fish can make good community fish and are ideal for beginners:
Golden Barbs – A very harder and peaceful fish of the Barb species
Glowlight Tetra – Easier to start a new tank with than the Neon Tetra.
Silvertip Tetra – Copper colour with white fin tips, very tolerant.
Swordtails – An attractive and hardy livebearer
Corydorus Catfish – Tough clean-up crew.
Your choice of fish community is of course wholly down to personal preference and even if you do select a fish that is of a placid species there is a chance that an individual may still be aggressive.
Have you ever thought why the popularity of various kinds of aquarium lighting is increasing with every passing day? The lighting is one of the most significant yet overlooked component of an aquarium. Installation of various kinds of lights inside aquarium enhances its beauty manifold. Moonlight aquarium light, metal halide aquarium light and lunar aquarium light are some kinds of lights commonly used in aquarium. Let’s discuss in detail about these lighting.
Different Lights Installed with Specific Purposes
Moonlight aquarium light is a low-cost and energy-efficient light that is placed above an aquarium. Most of the people have conception that the lights are used to give sparkling effect during night time to aquarium. However, this is one facet of coin. The basic purpose of installing moonlight is stimulating several internal and external biological processes that takes place in the natural moonlight. The light encourages coral and other reef creatures to grow naturally whilst allowing observer to observe them without any disturbance.
Now, talking about lunar aquarium light, these lights promote normal reproduction process in fishes and other marine creatures. These lights are affixed with low wattage LEDs for fulfilling the required purpose and creating shimmering and beautiful effect to an aquarium. Metal Halideaquarium lights come with electronic metal halide ballast and are highly efficient. The lights have long life and produce heat, therefore it is necessary to cool them with the help of fans. These lights are available in various colors and can be obtained in various watts like 6500K, 12000K, 14K, 20K respectively. Some of the most common examples of halide lights are 30” 1*150 HQI Halide + 2X 65+ lunar reef light, power compact lighting, etc.
Regular Fluorescent lights, high and very high output florescent lights, LEDaquarium lights, incandescent bulbs, etc. are some other kinds of lights that are commonly used in aquariums. Some of the lights are placed above and some behind the aquarium. In order to purchase various kinds of aquarium lights, contact online suppliers or manufacturers for the same.
Make Purchase for Aquarium lighting Online
Moonlight aquarium light, metal halide aquarium light, lunar aquarium light and many other kinds of lights can be easily obtained from numerous online suppliers. These suppliers keep on displaying the various products sold by them at their websites. Simply select your product and place order. It is advised to make purchase from authentic suppliers for obtaining quality products. For finding any other information about aquarium lighting, search over the internet.
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Maybe a friend’s aquarium or some in a dealer’s have been seen and they are so good – good in more than one way, they are relaxing and the aquarium world is very interesting.
A marine aquarium doesn’t build itself of course; they have to be constructed in such a way that the type of aquarium is properly supported. Without this there are going to be problems and that’s not a pleasure. So there’s a general procedure that should be followed.
Are you willing to give the time? This might seem strange as it’s obvious that putting an aquarium together takes time. The construction stage is fine, the enthusiasm of ‘newness’ is there and the potential aquarist is bubbling over in the desire to get on with it. It’s not only in the initial stages that problems could arise however, it’s later on. There’s weekly maintenance that needs to be done month in month out year in year out. It doesn’t seem problematical at first but it can be when enthusiasm has waned somewhat. So starting a marine aquarium should never be an instant decision – the very fact that livestock are present demands consistency.
Have you the space? Normally the largest aquarium that will fit is chosen, this is the natural choice as big is seen as better. It’s true that a large aquarium has the greater initial visual impact but smaller ones can also be very beautiful and interesting as can be found by browsing the internet. The aquarium shouldn’t be too tight a fit as it could be necessary to get round the sides for maintenance. Mentally picture the aquarium in place – could maintenance be reasonably easily accomplished? There needs to be a power outlet close to the aquarium and this should be accessible once the aquarium is in place. Don’t forget that the aquarium is going to have to stand on something so perhaps a cabinet is required? A sump is a good idea so to avoid any impact on space could one go in the cabinet beneath the aquarium? Consider the construction of the floor – seawater plus rocks plus aquarium equals considerable weight. Will the floor support it?
What type of aquarium will it be? There are three types, fish only, corals only and mixed reef (fish and corals). This choice has an impact on the equipment that is needed, for example corals need special lighting.
How about the cost of purchase for the equipment? This really is important as mistakes could lead to corner cutting – not the way to start! There is the aquarium of course and any sump that will be used. There could be overflow holes required in the aquarium – will this be DIY or done by a dealer? There is the cabinet if required. Consider the amount of sea salt needed for the initial mix, it isn’t cheap. Then there is the necessary electrical equipment such as sufficiently sized heaters, circulation pumps, the return pump from the sump, canister filter(s) or live rock, a correctly sized protein skimmer and lights plus two timers. Then there are the test kits to monitor the seawater condition. A good way to obtain a general guideline of the cost is to make a list of the needed items then price them from sources on the internet, a magazine or a local dealer.
How much will the livestock cost? The local dealer should have various corals and fish which will permit a guideline to be obtained. This will not be accurate as decisions on what types have not been made but at least knowledge of the general cost of various types can be obtained.
How much will it cost to run? Feeding the livestock is not costly. Sea salt is needed for routine weekly partial seawater changes. Test kits will need renewing from time to time. There is the electrical cost which is easy to estimate if a list of required items has been made. These items each have a wattage (W) – add these up. This will come to part of a kilowatt or a number of kilowatts and a part per hour. The cost of a kilowatt (1000 watts) will be known so the daily, weekly etc cost can be determined. For a day just multiply by 24 and so on. Heaters and lights will not be on all the time so divide the wattage by two for these for estimate purposes.
Is it all too expensive? There’s no need to give up yet. Consider a smaller aquarium. This will reduce the cost of nearly everything. However, new purchase and running estimates need to be considered to be sure, if it is still too expensive or if there is a doubt, don’t start.
Is everything acceptable? Wonderful, the initial stages are complete, the aquarium, cabinet and any sump can be obtained plus other equipment. Some more research will be needed to ensure that the equipment purchased is suitable for the aquarium size and the job it has to do.
Marine aquariums are supposed to be relaxing, the stuff above doesn’t look like it! Marine aquariums are most definitely relaxing – and exciting, and beautiful. That of course is when they’re finished and settled. They won’t be finished and settled if not set up correctly, so they will not be beautiful and definitely not relaxing. The aquarist will face stress because of problems. It isn’t necessary to have every bell and whistle available but the aquarium must have the basic adequate necessities.
There are two important words for marine aquarists and these are research and patience.
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Many people are very passionate about making their home aquarium look like a piece of the ocean that has been transplanted in their homes. Some people will take pains in cultivating their aquarium themselves while some will just like to go out and buy their whole kit, tank, filter, lighting plants fish and all. This may be an easier way to create a good aquarium, however, the fun way is to start with the basics and grow your own fish and plants.
Some people are pretty good at breeding their own fish and have formed groups where they can exchange their home grown aquarium plants, fish and coral as well. There is a certain joy in seeing your efforts take definate shape in the form of aquetic plants and marine life.
Attempting to start a reef in your aquarium is not the sort of advice gurus will dole out to beginers in this hobby. One is advised to start with a small aquarium that houses fish only. Once you have a few months of experience in caring for the fish in the aquarium you can move on to trying your hand at breeding fish, then plants in the aquarium. After about a year you will be rady to try your hand at growing coral in the tank.
Before you rush out to get yourself some coral reef for the tank, remember that you are not just placing a piece of rock to your aquarium. These are actually called Polyps and are tiny invertibrate living organisms. The existance of these polyps in your saltwater tank depends on your ability to provide proper lighting, food and salt water.
In order for the coral reef to survive you must provide good saltwater to the tank at regular intervals. If you change the water abruptly you are likely to send your polyps into a state of shock and ultimately lose them. You will know the coral is in trouble by the discoloring of the reef. In addition you must be able to provide a proper pump to produce a strong current in the water as this is very important for the coral’s survival.
You must never forget that corals are living organisms and require food. Many people of the wrong belief that corals feed like other plants in the water, on photosynthesis. Nothing could be further from the truth. Corals need to be fed, like the other fish in the aquarium, at least 3 times a week. Frozen food is best for coral reef in the tank. Any coral food purchased from the pet store that has been open for more than 5 months must be discarded. Liquid or bottled food is available from the pet store and is best suited for the coral as they do not dirty the aquarium.
Believe it or not large polyps feed on pieces of minced meat! What do you know – from plants to carnivores! However, remember if the polyps are too small they will starve because the large pieces og minced meat will not be of any use to them. So stick to the prepared food from the pet store.
If you have done your research and have a good supply of nutrients from the store you will have your coral reef in your living room in no time at all.
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Almost all the aquariums come with lighting already installed, but if you are looking for really different, you can go for led aquarium lighting online shop. On the top of all, the lighting in your aquarium should be enough if it’s fluorescent, if it is in freshwater tanks, while if you are planning for a saltwater aquarium, better lighting is a must.
Fluorescent lighting holds fish the healthiest as it corresponds to the natural light. You should avoid the use of candescent lighting as it emits heat and possibly causing harm to your fish.
If your aquarium contains only fish, its better use 3 watts of lighting for each gallon of water in the tank. This much light will be quite enough to control algae perfectly. More light may trigger the formation of the green algae. Think of change the lights once each 8 months to keep a uniform light level going.
If you are planning to keep your aquarium with plants, you are required to get different arrangement of the lighting. But, often people went for wrong arrangement of the lighting that may result into the plants to wither and die within short period of time. If you want to keep plants flourish and alive longer, install a tri-phosphor tube or full spectrum fluorescent bulb that renders the necessary amount of light. But, a full spectrum bulb with the red, blue, and green parts of the light spectrum can work for most number of setups.
Apart from the fish and plant, if you’re going to add other elements to the mix, such as coral or live rocks your requirement of the light will be more, as corals require large amounts of light, between 5 and 8 watts.
If you are planning to begin with just fish, and then blow up, leverage an aquarium with quad for two tubes that will enable you to so make the arrangement of lighting as per your needs change.
As per your lighting needs to keep the fish, plants, and other features alive and well and to enjoy your aquarium for years to come, make a choice for proper lighting.
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Just want to do a little write up on nano reef tanks, which if you go to every site online will have different opinions about what is the correct size to call a tank a nano. I would consider any aquarium under 30 gallons to be labeled as a nano tank.
Nano tanks have become very popular in the past few years, whether it be for their cost savings or just the challenged of trying to keep a small reef. Now that many companies have seen this growth in popularity there is a large selection of tanks that can be acquired with all the necessary equipment already integrated, and all that need to be done is add your livestock.
Don’t be mistaken that just because it’s smaller it’s easier to take care of. They are actually more difficult to maintain because of their small size and any little change can make the tank crash. I would recommend on any nano tank to do at least one water change weekly and to always check the water quality…at least twice a week. One of the other problems that come with keeping a nano is the water temperature. With today’s lighting options and the always popular MH (Metal Halide) lighting, this is the biggest problem. It hits home for me, as I just experienced it first hand where high temperatures equals bad news. And this holds true not only MH but any other lights you use. Just the water volume alone in a small tank rises much faster. But it can be prevented by making a small investment in a chiller, which will give you peace of mind and not thinking about what could happen and all the work and money you have put into your tank can be lost so quickly.
One other thing that needs to be considered and researched is what type of livestock you want to keep in the tank, if any. Do your homework, ask questions, look at other tanks and see what is kept, don’t just go out and buy a nice “Dora” or “Nemo” because your kid loves the movie. Some of the recommended inhabitants that can be kept in a tank this small would be gobies, clownfish, and invertebrates such as snails and shrimp. Keep in mind that not all nano tanks come with a filtration system that are seen in larger setups and these will not handle too many inhabitants and their excess wastes. One of the best ways to keep a healthy tank is to include a good amount of live rock and a good sand bed which will help in the filtration and break down of waste.
Nano Reef Aquarium
There is a more challenging size tank that aquarium hobbyist have also been keeping. These are the pico reef tanks. These come with all the same responsibilities as the nano, but require more monitoring and care. These tanks, in my opinion, are anything under 5 gallons and preferably do not include any fish in them. They will require even more frequent water changes and testing than nanos.
As with all types and sizes of tank the number one recommendation is to have patience, don’t hurry trying to catch up to someone else’s tank or try and make it look like the local stores tank because it also took them time to get it that way and not overnight.
Light source is a major consideration when one wants to nurture fish and other invertebrates. Aquarium lights sources are also imperative for corals and other sea plants’ survival. Attending to the aquarium is a crucial role that guarantees the continued existence of your pets. Having a special lighting source is thus, as important as having the right type of a fish tank thermometer. An illuminated aquarium ensures that the living beings inside it have one necessary condition that would determine if they would mature and thrive properly or not.
So, the fact that water animals and plants require light to enjoy living would be one reason for you to get the right fixtures. Secondly, this structure would look more attractive and elegant if properly illuminated. According to most people, aquariums add to the beauty of their houses. If plain and dark, many people would find these structures ordinary and boring. When fish or reef tanks would emit some colorful lights, especially at night, numerous people would certainly enjoy staring at them.
If beauty and aesthetics are important to you, then you have to introduce a suitable source of illumination to the tank. Another reason why this is unavoidable is the fact that one should attend to the cistern in the day and at night. A properly lighted structure is easy to check at night without depending on other sources of lighting. What is more, a source of light would really attract and excite your little pets at night. If what you have in the tank are plants, then it is common knowledge that they need light to produce some food.
If they lack this necessary condition, then you should expect the plants to weaken and retard. This is not what you would want to happen. To avoid it, get one of the most reliable aquarium lights. They are many and different and therefore, you would expect each to have its pros and cons. Most of them combine glamour, functionality and durability. It is your job to get what suits your fish or reefs tanks better. First, consider the type of living things you have in the aquariums. Perhaps they thrive well in fresh waters or salty waters.
Secondly, consider their light requirements and you can carry out a thorough research on the Internet. Additionally, you have to reflect on the size of the cistern so that you can pick the most appropriate source of lighting. Dangling lights are nice and most people end up buying them. Even so, it is good to mention that these fixtures come in many different designs and styles. In other words, you can find hoods and even kits at special discounts.
In spite of everything, you need to know what you are doing, implying that you cannot deal effectively with all online providers. Take your time to pick one vendor that understands your concerns and needs. How would you know that a vendor really cares? Send a query to its customer care via email. If you get an instant reliable response, this would be a good sign that the vendor is trustworthy. Get high quality, durable and functional aquarium lights today to enhance the living conditions of your water pets.
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